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Podiatry News - Oradell NJ

Monday, 27 August 2018 00:00

Causes of Ingrown Toenails

A condition that is referred to as ingrown toenails commonly develops as a result of the toenails being trimmed incorrectly. This occurs when the corners of the nail grow into the skin, often producing pain and discomfort. There are several symptoms that may lead to the conclusion that an ingrown toenail has begun to form including redness and swelling around the affected area or a liquid discharge that comes from the nail. If the shoes that are worn fit poorly, this condition may begin to develop in addition to specific repeated activity, in which the toe consistently kicks a ball. The patient may find moderate relief by soaking the toe in warm salt water frequently throughout the day, in addition to inserting a small piece of dry cotton under the affected area. It’s strongly advised to consult with a podiatrist for correct treatment remedies that are right for you.

Ingrown toenails can become painful if they are not treated properly. For more information about ingrown toenails, contact one of our podiatrists of New Jersey Foot & Ankle Centers. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Ingrown Toenails

Ingrown toenails occur when a toenail grows sideways into the bed of the nail, causing pain, swelling, and possibly infection.

Causes

  • Bacterial infections
  • Improper nail cutting such as cutting it too short or not straight across
  • Trauma to the toe, such as stubbing, which causes the nail to grow back irregularly
  • Ill-fitting shoes that bunch the toes too close together
  • Genetic predisposition

Prevention

Because ingrown toenails are not something found outside of shoe-wearing cultures, going barefoot as often as possible will decrease the likeliness of developing ingrown toenails. Wearing proper fitting shoes and using proper cutting techniques will also help decrease your risk of developing ingrown toenails.

Treatment

Ingrown toenails are a very treatable foot condition. In minor cases, soaking the affected area in salt or antibacterial soaps will not only help with the ingrown nail itself, but also help prevent any infections from occurring. In more severe cases, surgery is an option. In either case, speaking to your podiatrist about this condition will help you get a better understanding of specific treatment options that are right for you.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Oradell, NJ, also serving the areas of Paramus, Westwood, Hackensack, and Fair Lawn. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Ingrown Toenails
Monday, 20 August 2018 00:00

Effective Ways to Prevent Falling

Recent research has shown that approximately 30 to 40 percent of seniors fall at least once per year. Many injuries may occur from the unnatural act of falling, including breaking a foot or spraining an ankle, in addition to possibly affecting the overall health of the body. There are simple steps that may be implemented to avoid falling, and as a result, the chances of a serious fall from occurring may be diminished. It’s important to choose shoes that fit correctly and it is beneficial if they have a non-slip sole. For those seniors who exercise regularly, their strong muscles and tendons may aid in providing the necessary strength to prevent a fall from occurring. Additionally, living in a clean and uncluttered environment may help older people to walk without tripping. It may be helpful to obtain regular medical checkups, which may include an eye exam and a reevaluation of any medications that are taken.

Preventing falls among the elderly is very important. If you are older and have fallen or fear that you are prone to falling, consult with one of our podiatrists from New Jersey Foot & Ankle Centers. Our doctors will assess your condition and provide you with quality advice and care.

Every 11 seconds, an elderly American is being treated in an emergency room for a fall related injury. Falls are the leading cause of head and hip injuries for those 65 and older. Due to decreases in strength, balance, senses, and lack of awareness, elderly persons are very susceptible to falling. Thankfully, there are a number of things older persons can do to prevent falls.

How to Prevent Falls

Some effective methods that older persons can do to prevent falls include:

  • Enrolling in strength and balance exercise program to increase balance and strength
  • Periodically having your sight and hearing checked
  • Discuss any medications you have with a doctor to see if it increases the risk of falling
  • Clearing the house of falling hazards and installing devices like grab bars and railings
  • Utilizing a walker or cane
  • Wearing shoes that provide good support and cushioning
  • Talking to family members about falling and increasing awareness

Falling can be a traumatic and embarrassing experience for elderly persons; this can make them less willing to leave the house, and less willing to talk to someone about their fears of falling. Doing such things, however, will increase the likelihood of tripping or losing one’s balance. Knowing the causes of falling and how to prevent them is the best way to mitigate the risk of serious injury.  

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Oradell, NJ, also serving the areas of Paramus, Westwood, Hackensack, and Fair Lawn. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Falls Prevention

The symptoms associated with Achilles tendon injuries typically include intense pain in the bottom portion of the calf, and difficulty in pointing and flexing the foot. This particular type of injury may occur as a result of weakness in the ligaments and tendons in the lower leg, and this may be due to excessive strain. When the Achilles tendon remains strong, it can bear the force of running that may be equal to ten times the weight of the body. When a rupture occurs, the tendon weakens and is unable to bend the way it needs to in order to walk or run. Treatment options may include wearing a cast or boot to allow the tendon to heal on its own, or surgery for more severe Achilles tendon injuries. If you have incurred this type of injury, it’s important to speak with a podiatrist as quickly as possible to receive proper diagnosis and information on the best treatments available.

Achilles tendon injuries need immediate attention to avoid future complications. If you have any concerns, contact one of our podiatrists of New Jersey Foot & Ankle Centers. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What is the Achilles Tendon?

The Achilles tendon is a tendon that connects the lower leg muscles and calf to the heel of the foot. It is the strongest tendon in the human body and is essential for making movement possible. Because this tendon is such an integral part of the body, any injuries to it can create immense difficulties and should immediately be presented to a doctor.

What are the symptoms of an Achilles Tendon Injury?

There are various types of injuries that can affect the Achilles tendon. The two most common injuries are Achilles tendinitis and ruptures of the tendon.

Achilles Tendinitis Symptoms

  • Inflammation
  • Dull to severe pain
  • Increased blood flow to the tendon
  • Thickening of the tendon

Rupture Symptoms

  • Extreme pain and swelling in the foot
  • Total immobility

Treatment and Prevention

Achilles tendon injuries are diagnosed by a thorough physical evaluation, which can include an MRI. Treatment involves rest, physical therapy, and in some cases, surgery. However, various preventative measures can be taken to avoid these injuries, such as:

  • Thorough stretching of the tendon before and after exercise
  • Strengthening exercises like calf raises, squats, leg curls, leg extensions, leg raises, lunges, and leg presses

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Oradell, NJ, also serving the areas of Paramus, Westwood, Hackensack, and Fair Lawn. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Achilles Tendon Injuries
Thursday, 09 August 2018 00:00

Home Remedies to Get Rid of Blisters

Blisters are sacs of fluid that develop on the bottom of the foot. These blemishes are typically the result of wearing shoes that do not fit your feet properly. There are natural treatments and home remedies that many people use to treat blisters that appear on their skin. For instance, aloe vera is considered to be the “mother’s cure” for everything; including blisters. This treatment works when you apply the gel to the blister; it will initially cause a burning sensation, however this is a sign that the treatment is working. After the gel dries up, the blister should be rinsed off with warm water and the process should be repeated twice a day. Green tea is another at-home treatment that may be used to treat blisters on your feet. The tea has anti-inflammatory properties and healing properties that allow it to ease the pain and reduce swelling. In order to start the treatment, dip the tea bag in hot water and add baking soda. After the tea bag is cooled off, apply the bag to your blister and dab it for some time. This process should be repeated two to three times a day.

Blisters are prone to making everyday activities extremely uncomfortable. If your feet are hurting, contact one of our podiatrists of New Jersey Foot & Ankle Centers. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Foot Blisters

Foot blisters develop as a result of constantly wearing tight or ill-fitting footwear. This happens due to the constant rubbing from the shoe, which can often lead to pain.

What are Foot Blisters?

A foot blister is a small fluid-filled pocket that forms on the upper-most layer of the skin. Blisters are filled with clear fluid and can lead to blood drainage or pus if the area becomes infected.

How do Blisters Form?

Blisters on the feet are often the result of constant friction of skin and material, usually by shoe rubbing. Walking in sandals, boots, or shoes that don’t fit properly for long periods of time can result in a blister. Having consistent foot moisture and humidity can easily lead to blister formation.

Prevention & Treatment

It is important to properly care for the affected area in order to prevent infection and ease the pain. Do not lance the blister and use a Band-Aid to provide pain relief. Also, be sure to keep your feet dry and wear proper fitting shoes. If you see blood or pus in a blister, seek assistance from a podiatrist.

 

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Oradell, NJ, also serving the areas of Paramus, Westwood, Hackensack, and Fair Lawn. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Blisters
Thursday, 09 August 2018 00:00

What Happens to Feet During Pregnancy?

For pregnant women, the general health of the feet may be affected. The additional weight gain may cause the feet to become bloated, and has been known to alter some women’s sense of gravity. The alignment and posture in the body may change, and the feet may become affected as a result of the differences in standing and walking that many women endure. Becoming flat-footed is a common ailment that may affect many pregnant women. The arches may temporarily disappear as a result of the pressure the feet must withstand from the additional weight. Additionally, edema, or water retention, is a common condition that many pregnant women experience, and this typically occurs as a result of the blood becoming thicker during the pregnancy. There are several ways to partially alleviate any discomfort that is often associated with edema. These may include elevating your feet as often as possible, eliminating salt from your diet, and stretching the feet, which may enhance the general health of the body. If you have concerns about the effects of pregnancy on the feet, please consult with a podiatrist for additional information.

Pregnant women with swollen feet can be treated with a variety of different methods that are readily available. For more information about other cures for swollen feet during pregnancy, consult with one of our podiatrists from New Jersey Foot & Ankle Centers. Our doctors will attend to all of your foot and ankle needs.

What foot problems can arise during pregnancy?

One problem that can occur is overpronation, which occurs when the arch of the foot flattens and tends to roll inward.  This can cause pain and discomfort in your heels while you’re walking or even just standing up, trying to support your baby.  

Another problem is edema, or swelling in the extremities. This often affects the feet during pregnancy, but tends to occur in the later stages. 

How can I keep my feet healthy during pregnancy?

  • Wearing orthotics can provide extra support for the feet and help distribute weight evenly
  • Minimize the amount of time spent walking barefoot
  • Wear shoes with good arch support
  • Wear shoes that allow for good circulation to the feet
  • Elevate feet if you experience swelling
  • Massage your feet
  • Get regular, light exercise, such as walking, to promote blood circulation to the feet

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Oradell, NJ, also serving the areas of Paramus, Westwood, Hackensack, and Fair Lawn. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Foot Care for Pregnant Women

Each year, approximately 1.5 million children suffer some sort of sports injury. Research has found that kids who are only involved in one sport are more likely to suffer serious injuries compared to those who play different sports. A study was conducted on NBA draft picks to see which players played multiple sports in high school and which players only played basketball. Those who conducted the study looked to see if the amount of sports an athlete played had any impact on the amount of injuries they had. The benefit of playing a variety of sports is that the body is forced to use different ligaments and muscles instead of overusing and straining the same muscles that are used in one sport. The idea is that a player will perform better in a single sport if he exercises other muscles in addition to the ones that are typically used in that sport.

Ankle and foot injuries are common among athletes and in many sports. They can be caused by several problems and may be potentially serious. If you are feeling pain or think you were injured in a sporting event or when exercising, consult with one of our podiatrists from New Jersey Foot & Ankle Centers. Our doctors will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.

Common Injuries

The most common injuries that occur in sporting activities include:

  • Achilles Tendonitis
  • Achilles Tendon Rupture
  • Ankle Sprains
  • Broken Foot
  • Plantar Fasciitis
  • Stress Fractures
  • Turf Toe

Symptoms

Symptoms vary depending upon the injury and in some cases, there may be no symptoms at all. However, in most cases, some form of symptom is experienced. Pain, aching, burning, bruising, tenderness, tightness or stiffness, sensation loss, difficulty moving, and swelling are the most common symptoms.

Treatment

Just as symptoms vary depending upon the injury, so do treatment options. A common treatment method is known as the RICE method. This method involves rest, applying ice, compression and elevating the afflicted foot or ankle. If the injury appears to be more serious, surgery might be required, such as arthroscopic or reconstructive surgery. Lastly, rehabilitation or therapy might be needed to gain full functionality in the afflicted area. Any discomfort experienced by an athlete must be evaluated by a licensed, reputable medical professional.  

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Oradell, NJ, also serving the areas of Paramus, Westwood, Hackensack, and Fair Lawn. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Sports Injuries
Thursday, 09 August 2018 00:00

All About Stress Fractures

When runners develop stress fractures, they typically occur in the lower fibula and parts of the tibia. Stress fractures are a type of bone injury that occurs as a result of repetitive mechanical stress. Activities such as jumping and running can result in a stress fracture. If you are looking to treat your stress fracture, you should start by ceasing any high-impact activities and start to participate in cross-training activities. Cross-training is an exercise regimen that incorporates several modes of training to avoid overuse injuries. People who experience pain from walking with a stress fracture should look toward wearing a cast, boot, or crutches. Most athletes who suffer from stress fractures may gradually return to running within six to eight weeks. Training schedules, diet, and menstrual history are all factors that may increase your risk of developing a stress fracture.

Stress fractures occur when there is a tiny crack within a bone. To learn more, contact one of our podiatrists from New Jersey Foot & Ankle Centers. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain free and on your feet.

How Are They Caused?

Stress fractures are the result of repetitive force being placed on the bone. Since the lower leg and feet often carry most of the body’s weight, stress fractures are likely to occur in these areas. If you rush into a new exercise, you are more likely to develop a stress fracture since you are starting too much, too soon.  Pain resulting from stress fractures may go unnoticed at first, however it may start to worsen over time.

Risk Factors

  • Gender – They are more commonly found in women compared to men.
  • Foot Problems – People with unusual arches in their feet are more likely to develop stress fractures.
  • Certain Sports – Dancers, gymnasts, tennis players, runners, and basketball players are more likely to develop stress fractures.
  • Lack of Nutrients – A lack of vitamin D and calcium may weaken the bones and make you more prone to stress fractures
  • Weak Bones – Osteoporosis can weaken the bones therefore resulting in stress fractures

Stress fractures do not always heal properly, so it is important that you seek help from a podiatrist if you suspect you may have one. Ignoring your stress fracture may cause it to worsen, and you may develop chronic pain as well as additional fractures.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Oradell, NJ, also serving the areas of Paramus, Westwood, Hackensack, and Fair Lawn. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Stress Fractures of the Foot and Ankle

Gout is caused by an excess of uric acid that typically collects in the joints of the big toe. This commonly causes severe pain as a result of the inflammation around the big toe and surrounding areas. The majority of people who are afflicted with gout have a condition that is referred to as under-excretors, which is the inability to eliminate excess uric crystals from the urine. People who may be affected with this are diabetics and patients who may be obese or have heart disease. When certain types of foods are ingested, gout attacks may be more likely to occur. These may include shellfish, red meat or excessive alcohol. In severe and frequent gout attacks, small crystals may form in the kidneys, which may gradually increase in size to become kidney stones. If you have pain in your big toe and it appears to be red and tender, you may be experiencing a gout attack. It’s suggested to consult with a podiatrist as quickly as possible to discuss the best treatment options for you.

Gout is a painful condition that can be treated. If you are seeking treatment, contact one of our podiatrists from New Jersey Foot & Ankle Centers. Our doctors will treat your foot and ankle needs.

What is Gout?

Gout is a form of arthritis that is characterized by sudden, severe attacks of pain, redness, and tenderness in the joints. The condition usually affects the joint at the base of the big toe. A gout attack can occur at any random time, such as the middle of the night while you are asleep.

Symptoms

  • Intense Joint Pain - Usually around the large joint of your big toe, and it most severe within the first four to twelve hours
  • Lingering Discomfort - Joint discomfort may last from a few days to a few weeks
  • Inflammation and Redness -Affected joints may become swollen, tender, warm and red
  • Limited Range of Motion - May experience a decrease in joint mobility

Risk Factors

  • Genetics - If family members have gout, you’re more likely to have it
  • Medications - Diuretic medications can raise uric acid levels
  • Gender/Age - Gout is more common in men until the age of 60. It is believed that estrogen protects women until that point
  • Diet - Eating red meat and shellfish increases your risk
  • Alcohol - Having more than two alcoholic drinks per day increases your risk
  • Obesity - Obese people are at a higher risk for gout

Prior to visiting your podiatrist to receive treatment for gout, there are a few things you should do beforehand. If you have gout you should write down your symptoms--including when they started and how often you experience them, important medical information you may have, and any questions you may have. Writing down these three things will help your podiatrist in assessing your specific situation so that he or she may provide the best route of treatment for you.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Oradell, NJ, also serving the areas of Paramus, Westwood, Hackensack, and Fair Lawn. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Gout
Thursday, 09 August 2018 00:00

What is a Heel Spur?

The definition of a heel spur is a bony protrusion that comes from the heel of the foot and grows into the arch. This condition is often the result of tears in the plantar fasciitis which is a thick band of tissue that runs along the sole of the foot. General symptoms may include pain and discomfort under the heel which may be worse in the morning and experiencing a tender feeling when the heel is touched. There may be several causes for heel spurs to develop, including excess weight the heel endures from being obese, certain sporting activities that puts pressure on the heels, and wearing shoes that do not fit correctly. Research has shown that reducing the activities that may cause this condition may aid in the treatment of heel spurs. Please consult with a podiatrist for treatment options which may include being fitted for custom made orthotics and night splints.

Heel spurs can be incredibly painful and sometimes may make you unable to participate in physical activities. To get medical care for your heel spurs, contact one of our podiatrists from New Jersey Foot & Ankle Centers. Our doctors will do everything possible to treat your condition.

Heels Spurs

Heel spurs are formed by calcium deposits on the back of the foot where the heel is. This can also be caused by small fragments of bone breaking off one section of the foot, attaching onto the back of the foot. Heel spurs can also be bone growth on the back of the foot and may grow in the direction of the arch of the foot.

Older individuals usually suffer from heel spurs and pain sometimes intensifies with age. One of the main conditions spurs are related to is plantar fasciitis.

Pain

The pain associated with spurs is often because of weight placed on the feet. When someone is walking, their entire weight is concentrated on the feet. Bone spurs then have the tendency to affect other bones and tissues around the foot. As the pain continues, the feet will become tender and sensitive over time.

Treatments

There are many ways to treat heel spurs. If one is suffering from heel spurs in conjunction with pain, there are several methods for healing. Medication, surgery, and herbal care are some options.

If you have any questions feel free to contact our office located in Oradell, NJ, also serving the areas of Paramus, Westwood, Hackensack, and Fair Lawn. We offer the latest in diagnostic and treatment technology to meet your needs.

Read more about How to Treat Heel Spurs
Thursday, 09 August 2018 00:00

Symptoms of Neuropathy in the Feet

The medical condition referred to as neuropathy is often associated with diabetic patients. This may be a consequence of the inability to control normal insulin levels, and may become more severe in patients who experience high blood pressure. Possible nerve damage may be a result of a vitamin B deficiency, and this may be a contributing factor in developing neuropathy. Research has shown there are common symptoms that are associated with this ailment. These may include a numbness or tingling sensation that often begins in the feet and may gradually extend to the center of the body. An increase in clumsiness or falling may occur, which may possibly be a result of an extended loss of feeling. When neuropathy affects the feet, it may become debilitating, and may often influence the lack of completion of daily activities. Please consult with a podiatrist for a proper diagnosis and how this condition can be treated.

Neuropathy

Neuropathy can be a potentially serious condition, especially if it is left undiagnosed. If you have any concerns that you may be experiencing nerve loss in your feet, consult with one of our podiatrists from New Jersey Foot & Ankle Centers. Our doctors will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment for neuropathy.

What is Neuropathy?

Neuropathy is a condition that leads to damage to the nerves in the body. Peripheral neuropathy, or neuropathy that affects your peripheral nervous system, usually occurs in the feet. Neuropathy can be trigged by a number of different causes. Such causes include diabetes, infections, cancers, disorders, and toxic substances.

Symptoms of Neuropathy Include:

  • Numbness
  • Sensation loss
  • Prickling and tingling sensations
  • Throbbing, freezing, burning pains
  • Muscle weakness

Those with diabetes are at serious risk due to being unable to feel an ulcer on their feet. Diabetics usually also suffer from poor blood circulation. This can lead to the wound not healing, infections occurring, and the limb may have to be amputated.

Treatment

To treat neuropathy in the foot, podiatrists will first diagnose the cause of the neuropathy. Figuring out the underlying cause of the neuropathy, whether it be diabetes, toxic substance exposure, infection, or others, will allow the podiatrist to prescribe the best treatment. If the nerve has not died, then it’s possible that sensation may be able to return to the foot.

Pain medication may be issued for pain. Electrical nerve stimulation can be used to stimulate nerves. If the neuropathy is caused from pressure on the nerves, then surgery may be necessary.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Oradell, NJ, also serving the areas of Paramus, Westwood, Hackensack, and Fair Lawn. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Neuropathy

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