Tarsal tunnel release surgery is a procedure that can help relieve pain and numbness from a condition known as tarsal tunnel syndrome. The tarsal tunnel is located between the bump on the inner ankle and the ligaments that stretch across the foot. This surgery is done to take off pressure on a nerve in this area. This type of surgery can be done endoscopically or open – the former requires fewer and smaller incisions than the latter. One is given anesthesia to either numb the surgery area or induce sleep prior to the surgery being performed so as not to feel pain. The ligament in the ankle will be cut to relieve the pressure on the tibial nerve and any spurs or cysts contributing to discomfort will be removed. Since weight cannot be put on the ankle right after the surgery but movement is necessary to prevent blood clots, exercises will be suggested. If you have pain in this part of your foot, see a podiatrist who can make a proper diagnosis and evaluate whether you are a candidate for tarsal tunnel release surgery.
Tarsal tunnel syndrome can be very uncomfortable to live with. If you are experiencing tarsal tunnel syndrome, contact one of our podiatrists of New Jersey Foot & Ankle Centers. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
Tarsal tunnel syndrome, which can also be called tibial nerve dysfunction, is an uncommon condition of misfiring peripheral nerves in the foot. The tibial nerve is the peripheral nerve in the leg responsible for sensation and movement of the foot and calf muscles. In tarsal tunnel syndrome, the tibial nerve is damaged, causing problems with movement and feeling in the foot of the affected leg.
Common Cause of Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
- Involves pressure or an injury, direct pressure on the tibial nerve for an extended period of time, sometimes caused by other body structures close by or near the knee.
- Diseases that damage nerves, including diabetes, may cause tarsal tunnel syndrome.
- At times, tarsal tunnel syndrome can appear without an obvious cause in some cases.
The Effects of Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
- Different sensations, an afflicted person may experience pain, tingling, burning or other unusual sensations in the foot of the affected leg.
- The foot muscles, toes and ankle become weaker, and curling your toes or flexing your foot can become difficult.
- If condition worsens, infections and ulcers may develop on the foot that is experiencing the syndrome.
A physical exam of the leg can help identify the presence of tarsal tunnel syndrome. Medical tests, such as a nerve biopsy, are also used to diagnose the condition. Patients may receive physical therapy and prescriptive medication. In extreme cases, some may require surgery.
If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Oradell, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.